Rickert Nature Preserve

Teucrium Canadense
Canada Germander

  • Family: Mint (Lamiaceae)
  • Flowering: June-September.
  • Field Marks: Only one lip of the flower is developed in this species, distinguishing it from all other mints.
  • Habitat: Moist woods, along streams, in meadows.
  • Habit: Perennial herb with long, slender rhizomes.
  • Stems: Erect, branched or rarely unbranched, hairy, up to 4 feet tall.
  • Leaves: Opposite, simple, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, pointed at the tip, tapering to or rounded at the base, round-toothed.
  • Flowers: Many crowded in terminal spikes, the spikes up to 6 inches long, each flower purplish, subtended by a short, narrow bract.
  • Sepals: 5, green, united below, asymmetrical.
  • Petals: 5, asymmetrical, the upper lip absent, the lower lip 3-lobed, up to 1/2 inch long, purplish.
  • Stamens: 4, protruding beyond the petals.
  • Pistils: Ovary superior, 4-lobed.
  • Fruits: Nutlets 4, yellow-brown, veiny, ellipsoid, up to 1/10 inch long.

Used by Chippewa Indians as a colic medicine.

Wildflower Seed Sale